In South Africa, we have eleven official languages – that is quite a large amount. In the world of coding, there are equally as many languages that exist, and these are known as programming or coding languages. Each one has a different application, some in software development and others in digital marketing. If you are struggling to understand programming languages, thinking about them in similar terms as spoken languages will help. 

If you are working with a website development agency understanding the different coding languages will help you to decide which one will best work for your website goals. Programming languages can create the same functionality similar to how spoken languages can all express the same phrases, have commands that overlap in one another, and can die out from lack of use. Still not entirely sure about the different coding languages? Keep reading below for some helpful information. 




PHP stands for PHP: Hypertext Processor and it is a popular open-source scripting language that is widely used for web development. What separates PHP from other languages such as Javascript, is that the code is executed on the server, which generates HTML that is then sent to the client. 

Essentially, the client would receive the results of running the script but would not know what the code is. PHP is relatively easy-to-use for ay newcomers but can also provide more advanced features for those who are experienced in the language. PHP is a scripting language, which means that it helps to automate processes that would otherwise need to be performed step-by-step. For example, PHP could be used to make the first three blogs on your blog page automatically appear on your website’s homepage. 




Javascript is not related to Java, and is used for making a website interactive. It uses HTML and CSS and provides these with a method of moving without needing to reload the page. Think about it like this: if something on a website moves without you taking action, it has likely been done with Javascript. 

Using Javascript has allowed the web to become more interactive, especially since the introduction of AJAX and Web 2.0. Today, many websites incorporate HTML, CSS and Javascript in order to provide a fully immersive experience for users. If you are looking to create a website that has unique features, Javascript is the language to choose. 




C# is a programming or coding language that is open-source, simple, and versatile. It is a general object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is used for web development and allows developers to build software that will be applicable for years to come. It is popular because it is cross-platform and versatile, making it ideal for modern developers. 

C# was designed for businesses to build software by using only one simple programming language, and can be used for both mobile and web app development needs. C# also supports generics, var types, auto initialization of types and collections, lambda expressions, and dynamic programming. It is safe and efficient, making it the perfect option for website development. 




Ruby is a general-purpose programming language that was developed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan. It focuses on simplicity and is open-source, with an easy-to-understand syntax for both established and novice developers. It is considered to be one of the leading OOP languages in coding today. 

With Ruby, everything is an object, which means that everything can be given its own properties and actions. Ruby gives methods and instance variable to all of its types, making it a highly simple language to use and understand. Essential parts of Ruby can be removed as need be as well as added to. The user is not restricted as they are with other languages ad can truly create customised code. 


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While there are several coding languages that are available, the above mentioned are the most popular used by developers today. Java is a popular language thanks to its extreme versatility and ease of use, and Javascript is ideal for use if you want to create a fully interactive website. 

PHP, C#, and Ruby are some of the most popular languages used today and can be sued for a variety of applications and on different platforms. If you are interested in improving your online presence with a new website, or would like to upgrade your current site, feel free to contact NetMechanic today to find out more about our offers.